What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

In this article, we discuss What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

What Is React?

Do you remember how Facebook’s UI or it’s messenger looked a few years back? During that time you had to refresh or reload the entire page for new updates or messages repeatedly. But now it’s no longer required. Today, each time there is a new update or message, a notification will pop up. Clicking on that will then automatically refresh your page and show you the latest updates. So, how exactly does this happen? Well, this is the magic of ReactJS and in this blog, I am going to discuss what is React and why you should go for it.

  • JavaScript Frameworks
  • What Is React?
  • Features Of React

JavaScript Frameworks

Javascript is a dynamic programming language which is widely used for developing web applications. It is very lightweight and is supported by most modern browsers. Moreover, JavaScript supports both object-oriented programming and procedural programming. Thus, it is used for creating web pages with a client-side script to interact with the user and make the web pages dynamic and robust.
JavaScript has many frameworks among which we can choose depending on our need. The below diagram shows some popular JavaScript frameworks.

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

Following are the major advantages provided by the JavaScript Frameworks:

  1. Efficiency: With the use of pre-built patterns and functions, the development of the applications became easy. The projects which used to take months to develop can now be developed in very less time. This increased the efficiency as well as reduced the time and effort involved.
  2. Security: As JavaScript is an open source community, its top frameworks have strong security arrangements. Frameworks are supported by these large communities in which, the members and the users can also act as testers. This increases the chances of detecting any kind of backdoor or bug present in the framework. Thus providing better security at less cost.
  3. Cost Reduction: JavaScript Frameworks are free for public use as they are open source. So, when we develop a web application using these frameworks, the overall cost of the application is much lesser.

Because of all these advantages, JavaScript frameworks are used heavily for developing web-applications. They have already proved their potential over the past few years. Among them, the most popular ones are React and Angular. “Even though React is young, it is giving a neck-to-neck competition to Angular”. If you are planning to make a flourishing career in web development, React Certification Training is the right move for you. Check out the google trend results for React and Angular for past 7 years. 

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

So, through this blog, we’ll be learning all about ReactJS. But before understanding what is React, you need to understand why we need it in the first place.

What Is React?

React is a component-based library which is used to develop interactive UI’s (User Interfaces). It is currently one of the most popular JavaScript front-end libraries which has a strong foundation and a large community supporting it. 

NOTE: ReactJS is only a frontend library and not the whole framework, which deals with the View component of MVC (Model – View – Controller).

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

In ReactJS, everything is a component. Consider one lego house as an entire application. Then compare each of the lego blocks to a component which acts as a building block. These blocks/ components are integrated together to build one bigger and dynamic application.

The biggest advantage of using components is that you can change any component at any point in time without affecting the rest of the applications. This feature is most effective when implemented with larger and real-time applications where data changes frequently. Each time any data is added or updated, ReactJS automatically updates the specific component whose state has actually changed. This saves the browser from the task of reloading the whole application to reflect the changes.

ReactJS was developed by Jordan Walke, a software engineer working at Facebook. Facebook implemented ReactJS in 2011 in its newsfeed section, but it was released to the public in May 2013. After the implementation of ReactJS, Facebook’s UI underwent drastic improvement. This resulted in satisfied users and a sudden boost in its popularity.

Features Of React

Now that you have understood what is React and why it is used, lets now uncover few of its intriguing features.

  1. JSX: JSX stands for JavaScript XML. Its an XML/ HTML like syntax used by React. It extends the ECMAScript so that XML/ HTML like text can co-exist along with JavaScript react code. This syntax is used by the pre-processors like Babel to transform HTML like text found in JavaScript files into standard JavaScript objects. With JSX, we can go a step further by again embedding the HTML code inside the JavaScript. This makes HTML codes easy to understand and boosts JavaScript’s performance while making our application robust.
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

Let’s see how to write Hello World Program using JSX.
script.jsx

var MyComponent = React.createClass({
    render :function () {
                return(    
                <h2>Hello World</h2>
        );
    }
});
 
ReactDOM.render(
   <MyComponent/>, document.getElementById('content')
);

2. Virtual DOM: Like an actual DOM, virtual DOM is also a node tree that lists the elements and their attributes and content as Objects and their properties. React’s render function creates a node tree out of the React components. Then, it updates this tree in response to the mutations in data model caused by various actions done either by the user or by the system.

This virtual DOM works in three simple steps.

Whenever any underlying data changes, the entire UI is re-rendered in Virtual DOM representation.

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

Then the difference between the previous DOM representation and the new one is calculated.

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

Once the calculations are done, the real DOM will be updated with only the things that have actually changed. You can think of it as a patch. As patches are applied only to the affected area, similarly, the virtual DOM acts as patches and are applied to the elements which are updated or changed, in the real DOM.

3dom
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

This makes our application faster and there is no memory wastage.

3. Testability: React views can be used as functions of the state (state is an object which determines how a component will render and behave). Thus, we can easily manipulate with state of the components which we pass to the ReactJS view and take a look at the output and triggered actions, events, functions, etc. This makes React applications quite easy to test and debug.

4. Server-Side Rendering(SSR): Server-Side rendering allows you to pre-render the initial state of your React components at the server-side only. With SSR, the server’s response to the browser becomes only the HTML of the page which is now ready to be rendered. Thus, the browser can now start rendering without having to wait for all the JavaScript to be loaded and executed. As a result, the webpage loads faster. Here the user will be able to see the web page in spite of React still downloading the JavaScript, creating the virtual DOM, linking events, etc. at the back end.

ssr
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

5. One-Way Data Binding: Unlike other frameworks, ReactJS follows unidirectional data flow or one-way data binding. The major advantage of One-Way-Data binding is that throughout the application the data flows in a single direction which gives you better control over it. Because of this, application’s state is contained in specific stores and as a result, rest of the components remains loosely coupled. This makes our application more flexible leading to increased efficiency.

1 way
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

Simplicity: The use of JSX files makes the application really simple and
easy to code as well as understand. Even though we can use plain JavaScript here, using JSX is easier. React’s component-based approach along with distinct lifecycle methods also make it simple to learn.

learning curve
What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

Learning Curve: Learning curve of React is quite low as compared to other frameworks. Anyone having even basic knowledge of programming can easily learn React. So, if you have previous knowledge of HTML and JavaScript you can get your hands on it very quickly.

This brings us to the end of this blog on what is React. Hope I was able to clearly explain what is React and why you should use it.

Source: Various

What Is React? – Unveil The Magic Of Interactive UI With React

Also Check out What is Angular Architecture Features and Advantages

More info React JS

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